B.S.R. [PT/OT] (University of British Columbia), M.Sc. (University of Toronto), Ph.D. (University of Waterloo)
Professor, Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia
Research InterestsClinical trials; Knowledge translation; Occupational therapy; Physical therapy; Rehabilitation; spinal cord injury; Stroke
Dr. Eng’s research studies the use of physical rehabilitation to improve recovery for people with spinal cord injury and stroke. She also looks at the functional and neural changes that occur in these individuals. One of her current projects examines the intensity of rehabilitation that people take part in during a regular inpatient therapy session. Her team is measuring what patients do in physical therapy and occupational therapy, and track these patients to measure their activity each day. This information is collected with special sensors to record heart rate and movement, as well as from patient reports. Since it is well known that intensity of activity contributes to motor recovery, especially early after injury, her team will gain a better understanding of the base rehabilitation which patients participate in, and can start tailoring personalized rehabilitation activities to specific injury — not only during the structured time in therapy but also utilizing the time in the rest of the day.
Dr. Eng is a Professor in the Department of Physical Therapy at the University of British Columbia and a Principal Investigator with ICORD, although she is primarily based at the GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre. She received her B.S.R. from the University of British Columbia, followed by an M.Sc. from the University of Toronto, and her Ph.D. from the University of Waterloo.
Since her research is mostly focused on rehabilitation, having a centre allowing like-minded people with shared goals to collaborate within a single building is extremely beneficial.
Dr. Eng is the lead investigator of the SCIRE Project which is a multi-domain, multi-group project working to synthesize research. The project’s goal is to bring together evidence underlying rehabilitation interventions worldwide, in an effort to improve the health of people living with SCI. It involves the Rick Hansen Institute, more than seventy researchers, and five rehabilitation centres around the world.
With the Lyndhurst Centre at Toronto Rehab and the GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre, Dr. Eng is studying how much activity patients with SCI spend on rehabilitation in order to provide measurements used to tailor rehabilitation strategies.
Dr. Eng works with UBC Brain Imaging as part of a brain imaging project. She will examine the brain activation in people with SCI and see how the brain changes in relation to recovery in the hand.
SCIRE, Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Evidence, is a Canadian research collaboration of scientists, clinicians, and consumers. SCIRE covers a comprehensive set of topics relevant to SCI rehabilitation and community integration. It reviews, evaluates, and translates existing research knowledge into a clear and concise format to inform health professionals and other stakeholders of current and emerging best practices following SCI. This synthesis also enables relevant decision-making in public policy and medical practices. In addition, clear evidence-based reviews can help to guide the research community and funding organizations to strategically focus their time and resources on knowledge gaps and help identify research priorities.
Dr. Eng also developed the Graded Repetitive Arm Supplementary Program (GRASP) which is a novel treatment model comprised of self-administered exercises to improve arm recovery in sub-acute stroke. GRASP is now standard of care in all stroke rehabilitation centres in BC. In 2010, the Canadian Stroke Guidelines were revised to recommend an upper extremity homework program as a result of Dr. Eng’s work.
Dr. Eng recently completed a systematic review on what people with SCI identify as the most important issues. This information is important for guiding health care and research activities.
Techniques employed in the lab:
- Brain imaging
- Clinical trials
- Physical rehabilitation interventions
- Systematic review and meta-analysis
Affiliation with organizations and societies:
- Board of Directors, Canadian Association of Health Science (CAHS)
- GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre
- Senior Scholar, Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research (MSFHR)
- Editorial Board, Physical Therapy Journal
Some of Dr. Eng’s recent major awards and accomplishments include:
- Distinguished Achievement Award for Overall Excellence (UBC Faculty of Medicine, 2012)
- Excellence in Mentoring Early Career Faculty (UBC Faculty of Medicine, 2010)
- Women of Distinction (YWCA, 2010)
- Jonas Salk Award (March of Dimes Canada, 2010)
- Inducted Fellow (Canadian Academy of Health Sciences, 2009)
- Senior Scholar Award (Michael Smith Foundation, 2008-2013)
- Killam Research Prize (Killam Trust, 2006)
- Health Research Foundation Special Research Award (Rx&D, 2004)
Current Lab Members
|Ph.D. Students||Post-Doctoral Fellows||Research Staff|
|Tara Klassen||Dr. Marie-Louise Bird||Chihya Hung|
|Shannon Lim||Dr. Chieh-Ling Yang||Matthew Querée|
|Riley Louie||Dr. Brodie Sakakibara||Christina Cassady|
|Lisa Simpson||Shannon Sproule|
|2017||Adebimpe Obembe||Institute of Health Policy and Services Travel Award (Canadian Institute of Health Research)|
|2017||Riley Louie||Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship (Government of Canada and Canadian Institute of Health Research)|
|2017||Shannon Lim||Travel Awards (Canadian Institute of Health Research, UBC Faculty of Graduate Students)|
Current opportunities in the Lab
Yes, please take a look at Dr. Eng’s website for details. Dr. Eng is always open to new students, and her students come from a variety of disciplines (rehabilitation, kinesiology, neuroscience, engineering). Please contact Dr. Eng with inquiries.
Dr. Eng talks about the accessibility of her Graded Repetitive Arm Supplementary Program (GRASP) and the need for quick knowledge translation from the researchers to the public.
- Khattab, S et al.. 2019. Sex differences in the effects of exercise on cognition post-stroke: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial.. J Rehabil Med. doi: 10.2340/16501977-2615.
- MacKay-Lyons, M et al.. 2019. Aerobic Exercise Recommendations to Optimize Best Practices in Care After Stroke: AEROBICS 2019 Update.. Phys Ther. doi: 10.1093/ptj/pzz153.
- Eng, JJ et al.. 2019. Moving stroke rehabilitation research evidence into clinical practice: Consensus-based core recommendations from the Stroke Recovery and Rehabilitation Roundtable.. Int J Stroke. doi: 10.1177/1747493019873597.
- MacGillivray, MK, Eng, JJ, Dean, E, Sawatzky, BJ. 2019. Effects of Motor Skill-Based Training on Wheelchair Propulsion Biomechanics in Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial.. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2019.07.017.
- Falck, RS, Best, JR, Li, MCR, Eng, JJ, Liu-Ambrose, T. 2019. Revisiting the MotionWatch8©: Calibrating Cut-Points for Measuring Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Among Adults With Stroke.. Front Aging Neurosci. doi: 10.3389/fnagi.2019.00203.